SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, THE MAIN PILLAR OF HIGHER EDUCATION
The training of engineering staff at European standards can be only achieved through an organic symbiosis of training and research processes. Therefore, since the foundation of the Technical University of Moldova, prior attention has been given to the research and development activity, which is the top field that determines the dynamics of development of any society. TUM has been the only university in the Republic of Moldova that prepares/trains specialists and carries out scientific investigations, practically in all fields of engineering science.
Establishing the Polytechnic Institute in Chisinau in 1964, there were laid the foundations of scientific research and innovations in the field of engineering in the Republic of Moldova.
There was created a range of scientific schools required by the industrialization process of the Republic, where over 4300 inventions were discovered during the existence of the University.
The scientific research at the Technical University of Moldova was initiated by the first rector, Sergiu Rădăuţan, academician, a world-famous specialist in the field of semiconductor materials. Thanks to academician S. Rădăuţan, as well as the university professors Ion Molodean, PhD and Viorel Trofim, dr. hab., the Micro-Optoelectronics Scientific Laboratory was founded which is specialized in the field of semiconductor structure growth and research.
Within the Faculty of Electrophysics there were founded scientific schools led by T. Sişianu, univ. prof., dr. hab.; I. Samusi, corresponding member of A.S.M., univ. prof., PhD.; S. Dimitrachi, univ. prof., dr. hab.; I. Klistorin, corresponding member of A.S.M., univ. prof., dr. hab.; I. Molodean, assoc. prof., Ph.D., V. Trofim, univ. prof., dr. hab.; A. Casian, univ. prof., dr. hab.; N. Sarbu, univ. prof., dr. hab.. Within these schools practically all the top specialists in the electronic industry in the Republic of Moldova were trained.
Outstanding successes were achieved by the team of scientists headed by Ion Bostan, academician, who founded a new scientific direction “Planetary precessional transmissions”. The scientific achievements of this team are valued by the international scientific community as pioneering and of great potential, being materialized in over 500 scientific papers, including 150 inventions and patents, 5 monographs, more than 350 scientific articles, over 130 gold medals at international exhibitions of inventions from Bruxeless, Geneva, Paris, Pittsburgh, etc. Along with academician I. Bostan, a great contribution to this field has been brought by V. Dulgheru, dr. hab.
In the field of construction the scientific achievements are known thanks to the teams of researchers consisting of E. Lvovschi, corresponding member of A.S.M., univ. prof., dr. hab., I. Ciupac, univ. prof., dr. hab., Gh. Moraru, univ. prof., dr. hab., D. Ungureanu, assoc.prof., PhD, P. Varlan, assoc.prof., PhD.
In the food technology research there have been involved Cherdivarenco, univ. prof., dr. hab., P. Tatarov, univ. prof., dr. hab., A. Bălănuţă, univ. prof., dr. hab., A. Lupasco, univ. prof., dr. hab., Gr. Musteaţă, univ. prof., PhD, J. Ciumac, assoc.prof. PhD., S. Carpov, assoc. prof. PhD.
At the Faculty of Energetics, in the research activity there have been involved V. Musteţă, corresponding member of A.S.M., univ. prof., dr. hab., V. Arion, univ. prof., dr. hab., I. Stratan, univ. prof., PhD, T. Ambros, univ. prof., dr. hab.
The successes obtained in the field of tribology are due to V. Mudreac, univ.prof. dr. hab., T. Ajder, univ.prof., PhD, V. Gologan, univ.prof. dr. hab., P. Stoicev, univ.prof. dr. hab.
Informatics and Computer Linguistics have been developed at the university thanks to A. Gremalschi, univ. prof., dr. hab., V. Borsevich, univ. prof., dr. hab., A. Popescu, univ. prof., dr. hab., V. Goncearenco, assoc.prof., PhD.
In the field of Economics it is well known the school founded by A. Cajuhar, univ. prof., dr. hab. and I. Blaj, univ. prof., dr. hab.
An important way of disseminating the obtained scientific and innovative results was their presentation at various republican, union and international exhibitions since the 80’s, within MSSR exhibitions of scientific achievements and inventions held in: Dalat (1985) and Hanoi (1987), Vietnam; or. Athens (1987), Greece; Moscow (1987, 1989); Ulan Bator (1987), Mongolia; Budapest (1988), Hungary; Brno (1988), Czechoslovakia; or. Leipzig (1989), GDR; Sofia (Bulgaria); New Delhi (1990), India; Damascus (1990), Siria; Seoul (1993), South Korea; etc., where the research results were appreciated with various diplomas. But a real opening for university research took place after the proclamation of sovereignity. The first participations at International Prestigious Salons were: Scientific Research, Innovation and Technological Transfer Salon INVENTICA in Iasi (1992 – present); Worldwide Research, Innovation and Technology Transfer Salon EUREKA, Brussels (1994); Aeronautical Salon “Le Bourget” France (1998); the Salons of Geneva (1999), INPEX, Pitsburgh (USA-1999); Kasablanca, Morocco (1998); INFOINVENT, Chisinau (1999-present); Inventica, Bucharest (2006-present); EcoInvent (20032009); PROINVENT, Cluj Napoca (2007- present); EUROINVENT, Iasi (2009-present); Arhimed, Moscow (2009-present); New Times, Sevastopol (2008-2013); IWIS, Warsaw (2012-present); INOVA, Zagreb (2013-present); SzhouShou, China (2012), World Exhibitions in Hanover (2006) and Stuttgart (2014) and others. The obtained scientific results have been presented at more than 100 Research, Innovation and Technology Transfer Salons, where they were awarded with over 250 gold, silver and bronze medals, more than 50 special prizes and personal awards.
Acknowledgements/Appreciations at International Research, Innovation and Technology Transfer Exhibitions
In the last 50 years the following collaborators of the university have become the laureates of the State Prize of the Republic of Moldova in the field of Science and Technology: I. Drobenco (1974), S. Dimitrachi (1974), C. Gluşco (1977), I. Bostan (1977), S. Rădăuţan (1983), T. Şişianu (1983), I. Molodean (1983), I. Samusi (1983), V. Târziu (1983), P. Costricov (1983), Ţ. Conunov (1983), V. Antoseac (1985), Iu. Chiseliov (1985), C. Stratievschi (1985), N. Sîrbu (1987), V. Dulgheru (1998), I. Bostan (1998), A. Oprea (1998), S. Mazuru(1998), M. Ţopa (1998), A. Casian (2004), I. Tighineanu (2004).
The Technical University of Moldova has a valuable scientific potential, both quantitatively and qualitatively. In the solution of scientific challenges there have been involved academicians and corresponding members of A.S.M., habilitate doctors, PhDs, PhD students, master and undergraduate students.
The complexity of scientific issues is quite heterogenious, taking into account that the Technical University trains specialists in various fields – machine and mechanical engineering, microelectronics, computers and computer science, radio and telecommunications, energetics, food industry, construction, architecture, light industry, etc.
The main objectives of research at TUM are as follows: ensuring a high level of training of the engineering staff, preparing highly qualified scientific staff through doctorate and postdoctoral studies, providing scientific support to the national economy, realizing the state programs in the respective fields.
The research organization scheme at TUM includes the following subdivisions: Direction of Scientific Investigations, nine faculties, university departments, laboratories and research centers. The Scientific Council and the Standing Commission of the Senate for Scientific Activity is in charge of scientific activity coordination. The competence of these bodies is to examine the key research questions: priority research directions, overall analysis of the research work, recommendations on research development, the expertise of the completed works, doctoral related problems, etc.
Over the years, the research activity at the Technical University has been coordinated by the vice-rectors for scientific research: Marc Chişinevschi (1964-1966), Ion Valuţă (1966-1974), Vladimir Zagreadţchi (1974-1981), Constantin Gluşco (1981-1991) , Eugen Lvovschi (1991-1992), Valentin Arion (1993-1997), Ion Tighineanu (1998-2001), Valerian Dorogan (2001-2017), Mircea Bernic (2017-present).
The Department of Scientific Investigations and Technological Development (Scientific Investigation Department since 2016) has been headed by: Serafim Cornea (1968-1971), Mihail Ichizli (1971-1975), Evgheni Zabudschi (1975-1981), Nicolae Mogoreanu (1981-1986) Stefan Cartofeanu (1986-2006), Tudor Stanciu (2006-2009), Sergiu Zaporojan (2009-present).
Within the TUM there were founded the following laboratories and national research centers: Micro-Optoelectronics Laboratory (founded in 1971); National Center for Materials Study (founded in 2002), National Center for Spatial Technologies (founded in 2011).
Over the years, there have been established: Interdepartmental Scientific Research Laboratory “Semiconductor Structures of Reduced Dimensions”; Nanoelectronics Center; the Scientific Center for Training and Technological Transfer in Food Industry; University Center “ENERGIE PLUS”; Microproduction and Training Center “Tehnofrig”; Center of “Modern Technologies for Studies and Research”; Testing and Research Center “TEHNOCOM”; an exhibition Center of Materials and Technologies in Construction “EXCOTEH”; Center for Research and Testing buildings and construction materials; Scientific-Technological Association “NanoTeh”; Laboratory of Simulations and Computer Modeling; Technical Creativity Center; Laboratory of Testing of Mechanical Transmissions; Laboratory of Research and Development in Computer Engineering; Technical Creativity Center; Mechanical Transmission Test Laboratory, etc.
Technical University possesses an experimental basis – Center of Technical and Scientific Researches and Advanced Technologies Implementation in the National Economy “ETALON” which has a special status and is at self-management and self-financing.