The Technical University of Moldova occupies the leading place nationally in the prestigious RANKING WEB OF REPOSITORIES – TRANSPARENT RANKING: Institutional Repositories by Google Scholar (http://repositories.webometrics.info/en/node/32).
The April 2020 ranking edition has gone through changes in representativity of universities, only 3 higher education institutions in the country being registered in the ranking:
- UTM Institutional Repository: 4 990 (GS records)
- USM Institutional Repository: 1,650 (GS records)
- UASM Institutional Tepository: 304 (GS records).
UTM’s TOP position at national level in this global ranking is an important achievement, this data being used in the completion of the Top Webometrics of universities annually, in January and July.
The purpose of this ranking is to support Open Access initiatives and therefore free access to scientific publications in electronic form and other academic materials. Web indicators are used here to measure the overall visibility and impact of scientific repositories. Web publishing is encouraged as a way to communicate both formal and informal materials, while maintaining high quality standards of evaluation. Websites reach much larger potential audiences, providing access to scientific knowledge to researchers and institutions in developing countries and also to third parties (economic, industrial, political or cultural) in the community.
The ranking intends to motivate both institutions and scientists to have a web presence that accurately reflects their activities. If an institution’s web performance is below the expected position, depending on their academic excellence, the institution’s authorities should reconsider their web policy, promoting substantial increase in the volume and quality of electronic publications.
Open Access – who are those interested?
- funding institutions – in response to the community with a positive feedback on investments for research
- authors – wide dissemination and impact of works
- users – access to primary sources
- libraries – high quality satisfaction of information requirements
- universities – increasing reputation and prestige in the scientific field.
Institutional repositories are one of the applied examples of Open Access, considered today as a new model of scientific communication that changes the paradigm of traditional publishing:
- Provides an essential component in the system of scientific communication;
- Open access to research;
- Confirms the control of the scientific community over research;
- Increases competition;
- Increases the importance of institutions and libraries that hold IR;
- Serve as indicators of the quality of research activity in the university;
- Confirms the scientific, social and economic importance of scientific research and, thus, the status and public importance of the university.
Advantages of publishing in an archive open to researchers:
- Provides access to a direct and fast means of scientific communication;
- Increases the visibility, access to results and efficiency of research;
- Increasing the impact and citation of research;
- Copyright maintenance;
- Accumulation and capitalization of knowledge at the institution level;
- Facilitating relationships with partners.
The ranking is made by the “Webometrics Ranking of World Universities”, at the initiative of Cybermetrics Lab – a research group of the Higher Council for Scientific Research of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation – Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, which also has the initiative to launch the prestigious top Webometrics Web Ranking of Universities. Google Scholar is a search engine that delivers digital versions of scientific publications in full-text volume: articles, books, textbooks from academia and research.