As a technical-engineering educational institution, we consider social & human sciences to be compulsory in the training of young engineers. This idea has been addressed by the representatives of the Department of Social & Human Sciences – associate professor, PhD Ecaterina LOZOVANU and lecturer Cristina LAZARIUC (co-authors), at the International Technical-Scientific Conference “New Technologies in the Study and Production Process”, organized online on 17-20 April 2020 by the Ryazan Institute for Educational Development (Рязанский Институт Развития Образования).
The article “The role of social & human sciences in the personal training of engineering personnel” (Роль социально-гуманитарных наук в личностной подготовке инженерных кадров) reflects the challenges of modern society that young people face and how social sciences should refer to them in the training of future specialists. We are witnessing the growth of a civilization with high risks of global crises, caused by a series of issues: global epidemics (COVID19), ecological problems, climate, terrorism, poverty, consumerism, unemployment, violence, and last but not least, the crisis of spiritual values. Under these conditions, the necessity of identifying a new type of civilizational development is becoming increasingly clear. The higher education system is a social policy instrument focused on vocational training, social integration and ensuring an educational and cultural standard of future specialists. In this sense, the teaching process of socio-human sciences has the objectives of educating personal autonomy, refining ethical discretion, training creative capacity and intellectual strength oriented towards research and innovation, but also the development of career and social skills. The aim of these objectives is the formation and education of student autonomy; cultivating the ability to define, argue and listen actively; guiding future engineers regarding the system of general human values, in order to make them socially responsible and, lastly, the formation of critical, creative and reflective thinking, aiming at training the student as an engineer-researcher and active citizen, adapted to social and global challenges.
The second article presented at the Conference brought to the fore the collective mentality and the reconsideration of contemporary democracy – “Коллективный менталитет и переосмысление современной демократии” (author: lect. Cristina LAZARIUC). The emphasis was put on the significance and functionality of the concept of mentality, but also on approaching the specifics of democracy in the contemporary period. Today, the concepts of collective mentality and democracy must be analyzed in relation to the phenomena of globalization and technological progress, to the system of common universal principles and values, to the specifics of global citizenship and to the concepts of common interdependence and prosperity. Nowadays, we must go beyond the limits of a national consciousness and identify ourselves as citizens of the planet, as members of a single family, united by a common goal: to ensure lasting peace, based on the inseparable principles of international solidarity and responsibility. In order to be aware of and assume our responsibilities as members of a global society, but also to feel encouraged to participate actively in shaping society as a whole, we need learning opportunities that promote skill and shape the collective mentality, for a community of well-informed global citizens with global critical thinking.
In the opinion of the professors of the Department of Social & Human Sciences of UTM, the issues addressed at the Conference are up-to-date and respond to the global challenges of the contemporary technology society, and the topic of the sections covers both research interests in the engineering field and existential dilemmas reflected in social sciences research.