The Institute of Standardization of Moldova initiated the information campaign “Education in standardization”, the purpose being to provide students with a general picture of what the standards represent and what the benefits are for the public sector, the regulatory authorities, the private sector and society. The speaker, Nadia BORTĂ, digital media specialist of the ISM, which brought together more than 50 students from the Faculty of Construction, Geodesy and Cadastre and the Faculty of Urbanism and Architecture in the 6th informative session.
The ISM representative gave a laconic definition of standards – synonymous with quality, they specify a purpose: in the environment – minimize our impact on the planet; quality standards reduce errors; of terminology – ensures mutual understanding between people; security – keeps our information safe, accessible – ensures the needs of all are taken into account. It also referred to the types of standards: international – ISO, IEC, regional – GOST, EN, national – SM, DIN, COST R, which represents the technical committees (bodies that develop the standards) and what kind of management systems exist: in the quality field (ISO 9001), information security (ISO 27001), anti-bribery (ISO 37001), occupational health and safety (ISO 45001), food safety (ISO 22000), environmental (ISO 14001). The benefits of the standards were emphasized: they contribute to reducing production costs and achieving savings; increase competitiveness; facilitate the opening of new markets for the company’s products and services; ensure the implementation within the enterprise of the best international practices; facilitate obtaining a coherent image in front of consumers and increasing their confidence by improving the quality of products and services, which conditions an increase in sales volume; contribute to the recognition and strengthening of the enterprise at national and international level; help the development and prosperity of the enterprise.
The moderator made an introduction to the Eurocode component, noting that it represents the European standards for designing structures – means of demonstrating the conformity of construction and engineering works with EU requirements; harmonized technical specifications for construction products (European standards (EN) and European technical approvals (ETA)). Among the opportunities, she outlined common design methods to meet the specified requirements for mechanical strength, stability and fire resistance, including sustainability and economics; facilitating the exchange of services in construction; of the commercialization and use of structural components and of the kits, materials and component products, whose properties are included in the design calculations; ensuring a common research and development base in the construction sector; preparation of common software tools; increasing the competitiveness of European civil construction companies, contractors, designers and product manufacturers in their activities worldwide. With regard to the principles of security, the Eurocodes establish this as the prerogative of the EU member states, leaving certain parameters flexible to be established by the national authorities, depending on the specific conditions of the geographical position of each state: seismic actions, wind speed, variations in temperature etc.
The students found out that in the ISM database there are 31119 Moldovan standards, 25106 European standards adopted as Moldovan, 3327 international standards adopted as Moldovan. They were also offered several media sources of information: the ISM web page – www.standard.md, the standards catalog – www.shop.standard.md, the national standards fund – www.estandard.md, but also FB pages: ISM – www.facebook.com/standardizare/, the Standardization Bulletin – www.facebook.com/buletinuldestandardizare/ etc. Given that in the curricula of most of the specialties within the FCGC, such as, for example, “Industrial and civil constructions”, “Geodesy, topography and cartography”, etc., with the exception of the specialty “Law”, include study disciplines on standardization – in this case, “Standardization and metrology”, ISM also provided a “Course support” for the FCGC library – a methodological-didactic work needed for both students and teachers, which reflects important issues, starting with the history of standardization and finalizing with the benefits of using standards.
The theme of the campaign has aroused a massive interest from both students and teachers, among which were lect., dr. Ion CREȚU, head of the Bachelor’s Degree in Industrial and Civil Construction, Department of Civil Engineering and Geodesy; lect. Maria-Liliana MARIAN, head of the program “Engineering and management in constructions”; lect. Irina BULAT, head of the program “Real estate evaluation and development”, Department of Engineering, Law and Real Estate Evaluation, FCGC; dr. Valentina PÂNTEA, Physics Department, FET.
Underlining the importance of this information campaign, associate professor, dr. Livia NISTOR-LOPATENCO, dean of FCGC, mentioned that, starting with 2020, European standards in construction – Eurocodes will be implemented in the Republic of Moldova. In this context, the FCGC is working on a continuous training program “Implementation of EUROCODs in the Republic of Moldova” for the specialists with seniority in the field of construction. At a national level, the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction, with the support of the Czech Development Agency, is actively collaborating to support the process of implementing European standards and Eurocodes for construction works and structural construction products in our country, relevant in the European economic area.