Ion BOSTAN: worldwide known engineer, scientist, and figure of UTM

Today, the 31st of July, is about Ion BOSTAN. A striking figure for the Technical University of Moldova, and not only. Turning 70 today, he managed to make an entire world know his name. A name that, through his inventions and discoveries, has become well known and applauded on all continents.

“Ion Bostan and his team of professionals have made the Technical University one of the best educational institutions on the continent, a true temple of science, but also of culture … It’s more than a university, it’s an academy! ”, exclaims the poet-academic Nicolae Dabija (UTM DHC) in the editorial of the recent edition of the weekly “Literature and Art “. Naming him a model of professionalism and an example of intellectual courage, he recalled the festival hosted by the University of Salzburg on March 2nd, 2019, when the work of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts took place, in the presence of scientists from five continents, including 32 Nobel laureates: when the name of the new head of the High Scientific Forum was announced, the room applauded him as an already well-known and familiar name.

President of AȘM, acad. Ion Tighineanu, owes the establishment of the National Center for the Study and Testing of Materials within UTM, which has become, through time, the locomotive for the development of nanotechnologies in the Republic of Moldova, to the support of acad. Ion Bostan. Moreover, he author of one of the most impressive nanotechnological inventions globally says he was surprised to learn that the technical solution for obtaining microwires in glass casing was proposed, years ago, by acad. Ion Bostan, while his title was of a doctor in technical sciences.

Engineering being the meaning of his life, he always strived to make innovations in this field. He obtained the first invention patent in 1983, with priority in 1981, entitled “Precessional transmission”, and in 1989, he defends his doctoral thesis entitled “Creating precessional transmissions” at the Technical University “N. Bauman” in Moscow. At that time, the PhD Council of the University “N. Bauman” in Moscow recognized the founding of the scientific school in Chișinău, and over a year, the methodical council of the USSR technical institutions decides to introduce “Precessional transmissions” as compulsory in the curricula of all union institutions of engineering education. This pioneering invention has subsequently been found to be applicable in many mechanical aggregates made within the UTM, including wind and mini-hydro plants. 

Today, 30 years later, around his jubilee of 70 years, acad. Ion Bostan edits the monograph “Precessional transmissions”, in 2 volumes (1165 pages), through which he urges the specialists in the field to reflect on the topic: how it is possible to combine three fundamental performances in a single precessional transmission: extended kinematic possibilities, high load capacity and minimal energy loss? Thus, the invention that marked his scientific career, finds today a new approach, as a natural continuation of the development of a product of great scientific value, based on new theoretical approaches, new constructive-functional and technological concepts, which proudly belong to Moldovan engineering.

Constantly promoting innovation in engineering, Ion Bostan, together with a team from UTM, assisted by scientists from abroad, developed an original concept of the Foucault Pendulum – the gravitational clock with interactive kinematics, which allows accurate recording of the rotation motion of the Earth and the geographical position of the RM in a fixed system of astronomical coordinates. Located in the central block of UTM, the pendulum is considered a business card of the Technical University of Moldova.

The idea of ​​creating the National Center for Space Technologies (CNTS) at UTM belongs to the academic author Ion Bostan, through which the internationalization of valuing cosmic space took place in the Republic of Moldova as well. His widespread activity under the aegis of this center – the elaboration and launch of the first satellite in the Republic of Moldova attracted the attention of cosmonauts Vladimir Dejurov (Russia), Dumitru Prunariu (Romania) and Frank Lee Culbertson (USA), Doctors Honoris Causa of UTM, as well as other important institution at European and Global level in the field of aerospace engineering – European Space Agency, Romanian Space Agency, Federal Space Agency “Roskosmos”, an aviation company “Saliut” in Moscow, with a subsidiary in Chișinău – TOPAZ, the only one in RM equipped to perform fine mechanics for satellites. The monitoring, control and steering infrastructure for CNTS satellite flights include 6 specialized laboratories, a group of telemetry antennas, 2 astronomical observatories located in Chișinău and Cahul, with the support point inside the Theoretical High School in the village of Brânza, Cahul, all interconnected with optical fiber and switched to the European Network. The United Nations Office for Space Enterprises decided to launch, in September 2020, the first Moldovan satellite “TUM Nano SAT” on the outskirts of the International Space Station. The trilateral memorandum between the United Nations Office, UTM and the Japanese Space Agency that will launch the satellite, was signed by the rector of UTM, prof. univ., dr. hab. Viorel Bostan on May 16th, 2019.

Asked about the most important achievement of his life, the academician Ion Bostan responds without hesitation: “It is the evolution in time of the Technical University of Moldova!”, which is only natural that the leader of 23 years of this educational-scientific colossus. During this time, he tripled the number of students and specialties, thus transforming this unique institution of higher education in engineering into the largest and most visible university in the national education.

Happy Birthday, vivat, Professor Ion BOSTAN!